Dr., Professor

Russian Academy of Sciences S.I.Vavilov Institute of the History of Science and Technology. Director

Male, married, one child (a daughter), born in Moscow (USSR, Russia) June 12th, 1949.

Graduated from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) ,"Russian CalTech", in 1973. Initially, he was a student at the department of Radio Engineering and Cybernetics, but in his third year he transferred to the faculty of Aerospace Research, from which he graduated as a specialist in Flight Dynamics and Spacecraft Control qualified as engineer-physicist (aerospace engineering). He did not stop studying, however. In 1980 he graduated from the part-time education department of the All-Union Institute of Law (now: Moscow State Juridical Academy) as a specialist in jurisprudence, and almost simultaneously in 1981 he graduated from the School of Journalism of the M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University as a specialist in journalism. In 2000 he graduated from the Higher School of the Military Academy of the Russian Federation Armed Forces General Staff. At last in 2005 he graduated from the Diplomatic Academy of Russian Foreign Ministry.

lding advanced degree in law. The thesis on the European Parliament (Ph.D. in Law) was defended in 1985 at the Institute of State and Law, Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1992 got higher doctorate (Doctor of Law), thesis on the problems of computer law, Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences.

After graduation from MIPT worked as the aerospace engineer at the Central Design Bureau for Machine Building (later: Research Production Union "Energia", now: S.P.Korolev Rocket Space Corporation "Energia"). Since January 1996 he has been taking some of the training courses under the general cosmonaut training program. Entered space service 16 September 1997 when the State Medical Board cleared him for special training (Air Force Group 12 Supplemental - 1997). In the beginning of 1998, upon completion of the general cosmonaut training, he started training specifically for a mission under the program of Mir Expedition-26 as a Cosmonaut-researcher of the primary crew. On April 14, 1998 he was appointed a cosmonaut-researcher of the Cosmonaut corps of GCTC.
He flew his first space mission in 1998, as a cosmonaut-researcher onboard Soyuz TM-28 transportation vehicle and Mir space station under the program of Expedition-26 together with G.Padalka (Commander) and S.Avdeev (Flight Engineer). He returned to Earth (landed near Arkalyk in Kazakstan) on-board Soyuz TM-27 together with T.Musabaev (Commander) and N.Budarin (Flight Engineer). Baturin got 3rd Class as a cosmonaut. (Flight details: Soyuz TM-28 docked at 10:56 GMT on August 15 with the rear (Kvant) port of the Mir space station, which had been vacated at 09:28 GMT on August 12 by Progress M-39).
In 1999 he was appointed an instructor Cosmonaut-researcher, and in 2000, he was appointed a deputy commander of the Cosmonaut corps for research and testing.
Since 2000, he was training for a mission as Flight Engineer under program of Mir Expedition-29 together with T.Musabaev (Commander), but the spaceflight was canceled.
Baturin made his second space mission in 2001 as a Flight Engineer of Soyuz TM-32 transportation vehicle and International Space Station (ISS) together with T.Musabaev (Commander) and D.Tito (1st space tourist). Flight details: Soyuz TM-32 was designated ISS flight 2S by NASA and EP-1 (Visiting Crew 1) by RSK Energia and GCTC. Soyuz TM-32 was a fresh lifeboat for the station; the Soyuz TM-31 crew themselves would return in Soyuz TM-31, which was at the end of its rated in-space storage tie. Dennis Tito"s inclusion in the crew created controversy between NASA and the Russians since he was the first space tourist to fly to ISS. He had originally paid to fly to the Mir station but funds ran out to keep that station in orbit. Soyuz TM-32 docked with the Z port on Zarya at 07:58 GMT on April 30 after Endeavour had departed. The crew transferred their customized reentry seat liners to Soyuz TM-31, at which point TM-32 became the Station"s rescue vehicle. After a six day stay, the Soyuz TM-32 crew returned to earth aboard Soyuz TM-31). Now Baturin is an test-cosmonaut of GCTC, 2rd Class.  Since 2000 till 2009 Baturin was the test-cosmonaut, Deputy Commander of the Cosmonaut Corps of the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center (GCTC).

During the period of 1980-1991 Baturin worked as a Scholar at the Institute of State and Law of the USSR Academy of Sciences (after that, till 1994, he worked there part-time). In 1990 he is a Research Scholar in Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies (The Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars, Washington D.C., USA). During the period of May 17, 1991 through January 2, 1992 he worked as a consultant to G.H.Shakhnazarov, the Aide to USSR President M.S.Gorbachev.
During the period of January 3, 1992 through June 1, 1993, he was a political analyst for the "Itogi" ("Summing Up") news program of the All-Russia State TV Company Ostankino, and at the same time, during the period of June 1, 1992 through June 1, 1993, he was a legal adviser for the Chairman of the company. Then he worked for President B.N.Yeltsin in a number of positions, ranging from the Presidential Aide to Adviser to the President of the Russian Federation for National Security Affaires and Secretary of the Russian Federation Defense Council:
- during the period of March 17 through June 2, 1993 he was a member of Presidential Council. Since June 2, 1993 he was Presidential Aide for Legal Issues to President of Russian Federation;
- during the period of January 6, 1964 through June 18, 1996 he was a Presidential Adviser for National Security Affairs. During the period of 1995 through 1997 he was the Chairman of the Higher Military Ranks and Titles Committee;
- during the period of 1995 through 1998 he was the Chairman of the Inter-departmental Committee for Chemical Disarmament;
- during the period of 1996 through 1997 he was a member of Military Council of the Space Force; On July 25, 1996 he became a Secretary of Russian Federation Defense Council and an Aide to the President of the Russian Federation. Baturin left the Yeltsin administration in 1997 and has been training for space flights as a member of the Group of Cosmonauts in the GCTC.

Holds professorships at Moscow State University(since 1990; in 1999 Baturin organized there a political journalism workshop where he gives two courses), Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (political analysis with elements of mathematical modeling of political processes). Also he is a head of a Computer Law Chair at Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering.
In 1992 Baturin organized the Mass Media Law School under the auspices of the Foundation for Protection of Glasnost, the first such school in Russia. He is the Dean of the Media Law School. Till 1998 he taught at the Moscow State Institute of Foreign Affairs and in 2005-2007 at the Diplomatic Academy.
Since September 1997 Baturin is a correspondent, and since 1999 he is a columnist of the "Novaya Gazeta" newspaper. Besides he is a correspondent of "Novosti Cosmonavtiki" Magazine (Astronautics News).

In 1988, he co-authored with M.Fedotov and V.Entin a draft Law of USSR on the Press and Other Mass Media (the law was passed by the USSR Supreme Soviet on June 12, 1990), and in 1991 the same team drew up and published a draft Law of Russian Federation on Mass Media passed by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation on December 27, 1991. Also Baturin is the co-author of the Laws: On Publishing, the Russian Federation and On Archives, the Russian Federation.

A member of Academic Council of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering (since 1996).
A Secretary of Russian Union of Journalists (since 2008).


  • Russian Association of Space Explorers (since 1998);
  • International Association of Space Explorers (since 1998);
  • Russian Military Science Academy, active member
  • USSR/RF Union of Journalists (since 1990);
  • Union of Photography Artists of Russia (Baturin was handed the member card at the opening of his personal photo-exhibition "Brief Rendezvous with Earth" at the Polytechnical Museum on April 21, 1999; the same year he became the prize-winner of an international photo competition held by "Izvestia" newspaper)
  • Wings Club (USA).

Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation (1998), The Hero of the Russian Federation (2001), he was decorated also with the Order of Courage (1998), the Order of Friendship (Kazakhstan, 1998) and the Order of Snow Leopard, 1st category (Kazakhstan, 2001). The laureate of the USSR Union of Journalists Prize for a significant contribution to the drafting of the USSR law on the Press and Other Mass Media (1991), Prize For Distinguished Contribution to the Development of the Media Law (1997), International legal prize Themis (1998). Full Counselor of State of the Russian Federation, 1st Class.

Mountaineering, swimming, math models of socio-political processes, analysis of song lyrics of V.Vysotsky (there is an unfinished manuscript of a book), translations of works by Lewis Carroll that have never been published in Russian before, photography, video filming - documentaries about space: "We barely made it with one nozzle left" (1997), "Stairway to the sky" (2000).